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Lenape Building

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1874, Thomas Cernea and Addison Hutton. S. Main and E. State sts.
  • Lenape Building

When Doylestown's citizens perceived that their village was failing to compete with other regional centers that were better served by rail lines, they commissioned an opera house and commercial building, which was named the Lenape Building to recall the regional Native Americans. Standing diagonally across from the Fountain House, it forms a part of the town center and is a striking testament to the growing urban energy of the nation after the Civil War. Its chamfered facade addresses the old market square but its conservative Second Empire massing and ordering systems are overlaid by the brilliant red brick and carved Ohio stone details that are more characteristic of Victorian Philadelphia. The building was a typical urban block with commercial space on the first floor and a large public auditorium that could double as an opera house on the upper levels. The milestone inscribed “26 M[iles] to Philadelphia” that is incorporated into the Main Street facade stood in front of the eighteenth-century Ship Tavern that was demolished for the project. Remarkably, the Lenape Building survived the era of hostility to High Victorian design, enabling it to be restored and adapted to contemporary needs.

Writing Credits

Author: 
George E. Thomas
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Citation

George E. Thomas, "Lenape Building", [Doylestown, Pennsylvania], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/PA-02-BU30.

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