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Main Building

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1889–1891, Wilson Brothers. S. 32nd and Chestnut sts.

Far and away, Drexel's best building is the glowing yellow brick and terra-cotta-clad multipurpose landmark designed by the premier architect-engineers of the late nineteenth century. Architectural historian Carl Condit has pointed out in American Building Art: The Nineteenth Century (1960) that Wilson Brothers more than any others understood the value of the structural grid in creating economical and usable space, here evidenced by the regularly spaced piers of the exterior. The entrance arch is lined with busts of representative historical figures chosen to speak to the progressive industrialists of the last decade of the nineteenth century. Geography is represented by Christopher Columbus, architecture by William of Sens (the architect of Canterbury Cathedral), art by Michelangelo, modern science by Michael Faraday, and music by Johann Sebastian Bach.

The building distills the information that Joseph Wilson learned when he was sent to Europe by financier Anthony J. Drexel to study and understand the evolving technical institutes that Drexel wished to give to Philadelphia. The glory of their building is its brilliant skylighted courtyard, which demonstrates that schools are more than just places to work and study, but are communities as well. Like the cortile of an Italian palazzo, it is lined with wonderfully colored marble columns and glistening white brick arcades to form Wilson's spatial allegory of the community of the school. Each important function, from the library, to the administrative offices, to the auditorium in the rear and the classrooms above, is connected by the space. The present chandelier re-creates in a simplified manner the immense chandelier that was destroyed by an explosion of a nearby grain warehouse. The space remains one of the city's great rooms. The additions to the east are progressively more academic in their classicism; the first was added by Wilson Brothers in 1901 while the adjoining limestone facade of 1928 is the work of Simon and Simon.

Writing Credits

Author: 
George E. Thomas
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Citation

George E. Thomas, "Main Building", [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/PA-02-PH146.2.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of PA vol 2

Buildings of Pennsylvania: Philadelphia and Eastern Pennsylvania, George E. Thomas, with Patricia Likos Ricci, Richard J. Webster, Lawrence M. Newman, Robert Janosov, and Bruce Thomas. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012, 127-128.

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