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Oak Hill (James Monroe House)
Easily observable from the road, Oak Hill dominates the landscape with its two-story Roman Doric pentastyle portico. James Monroe began construction of the house while he was president and then retired here to live until 1830, a year before his death. Both Monroe's close association with Jefferson and the similarity of the portico to Jefferson's work have given rise to speculation that Jefferson played a role, but there is little evidence. Similarly, William Thornton and James Hoban knew Monroe, but again the evidence of involvement is inconclusive. Benjamin Henry Latrobe has also been associated with the design, but that is even more doubtful. William Benton, a local builder, constructed the house of red brick with white stucco and wood trim. It was modified in 1870 and greatly enlarged in 1922, and the interior was modified in 1949. A large formal garden is in front of the portico.
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