Cameron became the county seat in 1846 and was named for Scottish immigrant Ewen Cameron, who was prominent in the Texas Revolution. The town remained a small trading center until the arrival of the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway in 1881. This established its dominance in competition with Rockdale to the south already served by a major railroad. The small city grew during the twentieth century from agricultural services, mostly cotton and cattle ranching, and later as an area of light manufacturing.
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