The Virginia General Assembly established Upshur County in 1851, appropriating land from adjoining Randolph, Barbour, and Lewis counties. Abel Parker Upshur, President John Tyler's secretary of state, provided the name. Nine years later, the 1860 U.S. Census counted a population of 7,292. The county's 2000 population was 23,404. Most of Upshur's architectural resources are in Buckhannon, the county seat and a college town.
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