You are here

Columbia County Courthouse

-A A +A
1905, W. W. Hall. Magnolia Sq.
  • (Photograph by Karen Kingsley)
  • (Photograph by Karen Kingsley)
  • (Photograph by Karen Kingsley)
  • (Photograph by Karen Kingsley)

This is one of Arkansas’s most sophisticated and finely detailed small-town courthouses. The three-story Beaux-Arts classical building is the third courthouse on the site; the first, a temporary log structure erected in 1852, was replaced in 1856. The current courthouse, with entrances to the surrounding square on all four sides, is faced with smooth gray-brown brick and generously trimmed with limestone. The rectangular massing is ornamented by pilasters with Ionic capitals lining the second story and by a modillioned and dentiled cornice. The long north and south elevations feature semicircular bays at the second and third story to accommodate a large courtroom with curved walls. Loggias on the second story are supported by Ionic columns and connected by a lacy wrought-iron balustrade. The principal entrance on the east elevation, visible for a long distance down E. Main Street, is through a projecting pedimented pavilion with arches below and Ionic columns above. Originally, circulation to the four entrances was through dramatic arcaded cross corridors; unfortunately, two have been closed off, leaving only the east–west corridor and the east–west entrances open. The courtrooms have also been considerably altered.

Writing Credits

Cyrus A. Sutherland with Gregory Herman, Claudia Shannon, Jean Sizemore Jeannie M. Whayne and Contributors


What's Nearby


Cyrus A. Sutherland with Gregory Herman, Claudia Shannon, Jean Sizemore Jeannie M. Whayne and Contributors, "Columbia County Courthouse", [Magnolia, Arkansas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Arkansas

Buildings of Arkansas, Cyrus A. Sutherland and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2018, 191-191.

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.