Editors’ Note on Updating Content (Summer 2020)

The built environment is in constant flux, whether from demolition and new construction, renovations and additions, or changing function and use. Social protest and cultural progress can also transform the built environment, as we have witnessed this summer in efforts to remove monuments to the Confederacy from public spaces. (See “SAH Statement on The Removal of Monuments to the Confederacy from Public Spaces.”)

As a digital publication, SAH Archipedia strives to ensure that its content is up to date and that published texts accurately reflect physical conditions on the ground. To that end, our editors and authors are reviewing individual entries and essays to identify those that need to be updated.

While this work is ongoing and continuous, we want our readers to know that we are prioritizing updates to entries and essays (and illustrations and metadata) dealing with monuments to the Confederacy and memorials that otherwise symbolize oppression to indicate (1) the removal of statues and other forms of dismantling or transformation, (2) the renaming or retitling of buildings, parks, plazas, bridges, streets, and highways, (3) necessary contextualizing and interpretations in light of new historical research and scholarship.

As always, SAH Archipedia’s editors will work with authors and peer reviewers to maintain the highest standards of a scholarly publication.


Chief Lippert Fire Station

Milwaukee’s oldest extant fire station offers a glimpse into the life and work of a nineteenth-century fire crew. Firemen once killed time in cramped quarters on the top floor. Watchmen climbed a seven-story, wood-framed watchtower—its stubby remains are at the building’s southeast corner—to survey the neighborhood for suspicious smoke. If they spotted any, fire bells would clang, the firemen would sprint downstairs since the station originally lacked fire poles, and the horse-drawn fire engine would emerge from the broad, segmental-arched opening on the main facade, which originally had paneled doors. The station...more


Urban renewal created the site for this church. From a parklike setting bounded by Elmwood Cemetery and new public houses rises its strong simple form, the roof and walls one. Their yellow-orange ribbed metal-panel exterior surface responds to the buoyant optimism of the African American Christian congregation. A processional pathway leads up the hill to the entrance and directly into the meeting hall. Inside, the baptismal pool is given focus by its placement against a mirrored wall. more


Nearly a quarter of a century had passed since W.E.B. Du Bois, American sociologist and civil rights activist, first visited the campus of what was called at the time the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College for Negroes in Tallahassee, Florida, in 1914. The campus was hardly recognizable to Du Bois. “I was astonished,” he proclaimed, following a return visit in 1939. “From a ramshackle agglomeration of few buildings, few teachers, and indifferent students it has today magnificent buildings and a thousand college students….” more


The walls of Acoma Pueblo rise atop the dramatic planes of its isolated sandstone mesa. Inhabited since at least 1200 CE, it is one of the oldest continually occupied towns in the United States. While Acoma has undergone alterations, its present layout and design have mid-seventeenth-century origins. Today, the pueblo is the ceremonial center of the Keres-speaking Acoma people, as well an icon of New Mexico for tourists. more

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