Editors’ Note on Updating Content

The built environment is in constant flux, whether from demolition and new construction, renovations and additions, or changing function and use. Social protest and cultural progress can also transform the built environment, as we have witnessed these past several years in efforts to remove monuments to the Confederacy from public spaces. (See “SAH Statement on The Removal of Monuments to the Confederacy from Public Spaces.”)

As a digital publication, SAH Archipedia strives to ensure that its content is up to date and that published texts accurately reflect physical conditions on the ground. To that end, our editors and authors are reviewing individual entries and essays to identify those that need to be updated.

While this work is ongoing and continuous, we want our readers to know that we are prioritizing updates to entries and essays (and illustrations and metadata) dealing with monuments to the Confederacy and memorials that otherwise symbolize oppression to indicate (1) the removal of statues and other forms of dismantling or transformation, (2) the renaming or retitling of buildings, parks, plazas, bridges, streets, and highways, (3) necessary contextualizing and interpretations in light of new historical research and scholarship.

As always, SAH Archipedia’s editors will work with authors and peer reviewers to maintain the highest standards of a scholarly publication.



Armsmear, an Italianate manor built for Samuel and Elizabeth Colt, sits on a hill overlooking the manufacturing and support buildings for the production of Colt firearms. These buildings comprise the National Historic Landmark District of Coltsville, a noteworthy site of industrial development for the city of Hartford. The story of Armsmear is the story of Samuel and Elizabeth Colt. The two were married for only six years before his death in 1862, but their marriage defined the architecture and determined the use of Armsmear to the present day. Profits from the Colt revolver built the house and Elizabeth’s taste and philanthropic aims shaped its design and legacy. more


This former school is located on the southeastern edge of town in Josephine City, an African American section settled by freedmen after the Civil War. The one-story gable-roofed frame school with later stuccoing is a rare example of a surviving Reconstruction-era Black school. Adjacent centered doors each lead into one of the school's two rooms. A window flanks each of the doors, and windows on the building's sides also illuminate the interior. more


The Fraser and Isham Building at Fowler is a small but remarkably expressive urban law office designed by the prominent Lafayette firm of J. F. Alexander and Son for Daniel Fraser and William Isham, attorneys at law. more


A neo-Palladian structure, the Chief Vann House was built during the Federal period in the tradition of Thomas Jefferson’s original Monticello. Owned by Cherokee Chief James Vann, it is sited in rural north Georgia in what was then the heart of the Cherokee Nation. By the early 1830s, the main house was surrounded by 805 acres of cultivated land with 1,133 peach trees and 147 apple trees on a plantation named Spring Place, whose buildings included forty-two ... more

, ,