Editors’ Note on Updating Content

The built environment is in constant flux, whether from demolition and new construction, renovations and additions, or changing function and use. Social protest and cultural progress can also transform the built environment, as we have witnessed these past several years in efforts to remove monuments to the Confederacy from public spaces. (See “SAH Statement on The Removal of Monuments to the Confederacy from Public Spaces.”)

As a digital publication, SAH Archipedia strives to ensure that its content is up to date and that published texts accurately reflect physical conditions on the ground. To that end, our editors and authors are reviewing individual entries and essays to identify those that need to be updated.

While this work is ongoing and continuous, we want our readers to know that we are prioritizing updates to entries and essays (and illustrations and metadata) dealing with monuments to the Confederacy and memorials that otherwise symbolize oppression to indicate (1) the removal of statues and other forms of dismantling or transformation, (2) the renaming or retitling of buildings, parks, plazas, bridges, streets, and highways, (3) necessary contextualizing and interpretations in light of new historical research and scholarship.

As always, SAH Archipedia’s editors will work with authors and peer reviewers to maintain the highest standards of a scholarly publication.



The Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, formerly known as Custer Battlefield National Monument, spans 765 acres outside of Crow Agency, Montana. The national monument includes the site of the Battle of Little Bighorn, fought between the Seventh Regiment of the United States Cavalry and Lakota Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors on June 25 and 26, 1876. It also includes Custer National Cemetery and the Reno-Benteen Battlefield. ...more


At the core of this peculiar steel-frame structure is the restaurant that was located until 1980 on the first level of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, 562 feet above the ground. Because the structure’s weight was causing the tower to sag, it was dismantled and sold to New Orleans investors. The 11,000 pieces were shipped to New Orleans and reassembled as a new restaurant. The polygonal...more


Niagara Falls is a group of three distinct waterfalls—Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls, and the Bridal Veil Falls—on the border between the United States and Canada. The waterfalls, often described as a natural wonder, have been a major tourist attraction since the early nineteenth century. Although the U.S. government declared the area a work of “conservation” when it ... more


The Round Church is a unique extant product of a related set of experiments in meetinghouse construction in New Hampshire and Vermont. The sixteen-sided, two-story frame building, fifty feet in diameter, rises through a hipped roof to a two-stage octagonal belfry, terminating in a bellcast cap and weathervane. Detailing is limited to a plain frieze beneath the eaves of the main body, Doric columns on the belfry, and simple entablatures on tapering Doric pilasters that surround doors on three faces. The elegantly... more