Editors’ Note on Updating Content

The built environment is in constant flux, whether from demolition and new construction, renovations and additions, or changing function and use. Social protest and cultural progress can also transform the built environment, as we have witnessed these past several years in efforts to remove monuments to the Confederacy from public spaces. (See “SAH Statement on The Removal of Monuments to the Confederacy from Public Spaces.”)

As a digital publication, SAH Archipedia strives to ensure that its content is up to date and that published texts accurately reflect physical conditions on the ground. To that end, our editors and authors are reviewing individual entries and essays to identify those that need to be updated.

While this work is ongoing and continuous, we want our readers to know that we are prioritizing updates to entries and essays (and illustrations and metadata) dealing with monuments to the Confederacy and memorials that otherwise symbolize oppression to indicate (1) the removal of statues and other forms of dismantling or transformation, (2) the renaming or retitling of buildings, parks, plazas, bridges, streets, and highways, (3) necessary contextualizing and interpretations in light of new historical research and scholarship.

As always, SAH Archipedia’s editors will work with authors and peer reviewers to maintain the highest standards of a scholarly publication.



One of the best-known houses in the country, Westover is perhaps the quintessential James River planation house. It has long been associated with William Byrd II (1674–1744), but the present house was in fact built by his son, William Byrd III (1728–1777) shortly after a 1749 fire had destroyed the earlier dwelling. Westover's distinctive brickwork, with segmental window heads and ogee water table, was executed by the same bricklayer who later built the courthouse at Charles City, just a few miles away. ...more


While serving as dean of the School of Architecture at the University of Kentucky, José Oubrerie, former assistant to Le Corbusier, and his wife, Cecily Wylde, designed an extraordinary house just outside the city limits of Lexington. It originally stood on thirty acres of unspoiled land that contained its own lake. Architectural historian and critic Kenneth Frampton has called the Miller House a “masterwork” because of its extraordinary complexity and plastic richness. ...more


Commissioned in 1938 and opened in 1940, Crow Island School, with its modern materials, low scale, connection to the outdoors, and attention to a child’s perspective, redefined how elementary schools should look and function in the post-Depression era. As a successful collaboration between a thoughtful, Progressive educator, an educational director of Creative Activities, and a creative design team, Crow Island defined the innovative “Winnetka Plan,” which served as a national model in the postwar period,...NY-01-047-0002 more


In 2017, fashion designer Ulla Johnson and art consultant Zach Miner hired Elizabeth Roberts Architects to renovate a Fort Greene town house for their family of five, requesting a warm and welcoming design on a human scale. The previous owners had lived in the town house for forty years and raised their children there as well. ... more

, ,