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One East Center (First National Bank)

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1978, Polk Shannon Stanley; 2007 addition, Polk Stanley Wilcox Architects. 1 E. Center St.

Buildings on the east side of Fayetteville Square were razed in the mid-1970s to make way for the First National Bank. Its architects, all graduates of the University of Arkansas’s School of Architecture, employed scale and familiar materials to make this large building compatible with the buildings that surround the square. The red brick echoes that of the former post office (WA10) that occupies the center of the square and other neighboring structures. When constructed, the building’s two-story facade was in balance with the size of buildings around the square, and its third floor was limited to the rear portion, but in 2007 two stories of condominiums were added to the building’s front. The organization and grouping of the windows of the lower two stories are reminiscent of Frank Lloyd Wright’s early-twentieth-century work, although the double-height triumphal-arch-shaped entrance dilutes the building’s Wrightian flavor. The most impressive aspect of this building is the cathedral-like interior of a central space formed by seven square bays of robust brick arches springing from equally robust brick piers. The bays are lit by a continuous skylight that runs the length of the central arcade. The building was constructed for a long-established local banking family but has changed ownership several times since.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Cyrus A. Sutherland with Gregory Herman, Claudia Shannon, Jean Sizemore Jeannie M. Whayne and Contributors
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Citation

Cyrus A. Sutherland with Gregory Herman, Claudia Shannon, Jean Sizemore Jeannie M. Whayne and Contributors, "One East Center (First National Bank)", [Fayetteville, Arkansas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/AR-01-WA11.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Arkansas

Buildings of Arkansas, Cyrus A. Sutherland and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2018, 48-49.

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