The Eastern Market is one of the few remaining market structures in the old L'Enfant City. L'Enfant envisioned farmers' markets located throughout the city as a focus of commercial activity and as a spur to growth of the surrounding community. Many of these market structures fell victim to development pressures close to the center of the city, the replacement of residential functions with commercial activity, and the development of the supermarkets in outlying areas close to emerging residential areas. The survival of Eastern Market is testimony to the retention of the Capitol Hill neighborhood as a residential enclave. Its power as a commercial node spilled over into a few short blocks of shops along Seventh Street, just north of Pennsylvania Avenue. Architect of many municipal structures in the 1860s and 1870s, German-born Adolph Cluss also was a designer of market structures.
This market is the finest in the city to retain its nineteenth-century architectural integrity. Twenty bays long (180 feet) by five bays deep (50 feet), the one-story brick building has a hip monitor roof covered by gray slate shingles. The market's outstanding characteristic