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Fisher-Martin House

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1720–1760 period. c. 1790 extension. 1980 moved. 120 King's Hwy.
  • Fisher-Martin House

This gambrel-roofed wooden house, one of the oldest surviving in Sussex County, originally stood at Cool Spring, six miles southwest of its present location. It was targeted for preservation around 1960 by historian Harold D. Eberlein (who called it White Meadow Farm, and “an architectural document of the first importance”) and state archivist Leon deValinger. Mabel Lloyd Ridgely, the Dover preservationist and a Fisher descendant, bought the decayed house and turned it over to the state. It was moved by truck to this location and now serves as an information center. Joshua Fisher, who prepared the first official charts of the Delaware Bay, inherited the Cool Spring property in 1713. After 1736, it was owned by the Martin family, who held it to 1959. The east part, until recently believed to date to 1728, is a two-bay, oak-framed structure with brick nogging. A molding of skinny dentils runs under the box eave, and the original siding was beaded. The house was expanded to the left by one bay, allowing the creation of a long stairhall, rather grand for such a tiny house. Historian Harold D. Eberlein was impressed by the dwelling's extremely simple “hall plan”—originally one room with a fireplace and winder stair—that was, he thought, a late medieval holdover. He called this type of plan “Resurrection Manor” for a Maryland house then thought to date to the 1650s and hence to be representative of practically the first phase of building in the colonies. But scholars today understand that the hall plan was a standard one for generations in the numerous, now-vanished, small wooden homes of the Tidewater.

Writing Credits

Author: 
W. Barksdale Maynard
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Citation

W. Barksdale Maynard, "Fisher-Martin House", [Lewes, Delaware], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/DE-01-ES24.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Delaware

Buildings of Delaware, W. Barksdale Maynard. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2008, 272-272.

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