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Johnston Gate, Harvard Yard and Guardhouse, Harvard Yard

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1889, McKim, Mead and White; 1982, Graham Gund Architects.

In 1889, Charles McKim designed the Johnston Gate, a formal entranceway to the campus and the first of his many commissions at Harvard. The gate also was the first full-blown manifestation of the Georgian Revival architecture that would be adopted by Harvard architects through the early decades of the twentieth century. Constructed with coarse handmade brick, evoking the college's oldest buildings, Johnston Gate introduced a material, Harvard brick, which imitated handmade wood-burned brick of the colonial period, that would become a unifying feature of the campus. Other gates followed, linked by the Memorial Fence, begun in 1899, defining and separating Harvard Yard from the bustle of Cambridge. The wooden guardhouse is a postmodern design that contrasts with its brick Georgian and Georgian Revival neighbors. Rather, it subtly alludes to the Victorian buildings on the campus and the nineteenth-century residences nearby.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Maureen Meister
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Citation

Maureen Meister, "Johnston Gate, Harvard Yard and Guardhouse, Harvard Yard", [Cambridge, Massachusetts], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/MA-01-HY1.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Massachusetts

Buildings of Massachusetts: Metropolitan Boston, Keith N. Morgan, with Richard M. Candee, Naomi Miller, Roger G. Reed, and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2009, 316-316.

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