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Adams Academy

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1872, Ware and Van Brunt. 8 Adams St.
  • Adams Academy

In 1822, John Adams deeded to the town eight acres in order that “a stone schoolhouse should be erected over the cellar which was under the House anciently built in 1753 by the Reverend John Hancock” (as noted in his July 25, 1822, Deed of Gift to Town of Quincy). Charles Frances Adams and John Quincy Adams II commissioned Ware and Van Brunt to design the building. They combined English polychromy with the structural theories of French architect Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc. (Henry Van Brunt began translating Viollet-le-Duc's Discourses on Architecture in 1863.) The tripartite facade, composed of three steeply pitched Gothic gables, reiterates the interior structure of the building—a schoolroom on the left and John Adams's library on the right of a central lobby, the flanking rooms covered by hammer beam ceilings articulated on the exterior walls. The Adams Academy remained a boys' school dedicated to a classical education until 1907. Since 1972 the Quincy Historical Society has maintained it as a museum and research library.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Keith N. Morgan
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Citation

Keith N. Morgan, "Adams Academy", [Quincy, Massachusetts], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/MA-01-QU10.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Massachusetts

Buildings of Massachusetts: Metropolitan Boston, Keith N. Morgan, with Richard M. Candee, Naomi Miller, Roger G. Reed, and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2009, 555-556.

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