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1845, Robert Cary Long Jr.; 1860 extension, William H. Reasin. 11 Lloyd St.
  • (Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie)

The Lloyd Street synagogue, a Greek Revival temple-front building, was the first purpose-built synagogue in Maryland, erected for the original Baltimore Hebrew Congregation from which all others sprang forth, and the third-oldest synagogue in the country. It is distinguished by its massive portico of fluted Doric columns and a stained glass window depicting the Star of David, the first appearance on the exterior of an American synagogue. As dictated by Jewish tradition, the interior includes flanking balconies for women, and in the basement are ritual baths and ovens for baking Passover bread. The east end was later extended thirty feet.

In 1891, the congregation built another synagogue, selling this building in 1905 to the Jewish Guardians of the Sacred Heritage. By the 1950s, the congregation had dwindled, and the building was threatened with demolition. In response, the Jewish Historical Society was formed; the synagogue was restored and in 1960 was rededicated as the Jewish Museum of Maryland, interpreting the Jewish experience in America with the emphasis on Maryland. The museum utilizes both this and the neighboring B’nai Israel synagogue built for the Chizuk Amuno Congregation, or Defenders of the Faith, a High Victorian Gothic building with Romanesque and Moorish touches.

Writing Credits

Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie


What's Nearby


Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie, "JEWISH MUSEUM OF MARYLAND (LLOYD STREET AND B’NAI ISRAEL SYNAGOGUES)", [Baltimore, Maryland], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Maryland, Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2022, 190-190.

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