You are here


-A A +A
1858–1859, J. R. Condit; 1865–1866 spire, Edmund G. Lind. 199 Duke of Gloucester St. (Church Circle)
  • (Photograph by Alexander Heilner)
  • (Photograph by Alexander Heilner)
  • (Photograph by Alexander Heilner)
  • (Photograph by Alexander Heilner)
  • (Photograph by Alexander Heilner)
  • (Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie)
  • (Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie)

The site of St. Anne’s on Church Circle was a significant component of Governor Francis Nicholson’s 1702 plan for Annapolis, countering a corresponding circle designated for the State House. The original church built on this site c. 1704 was the physical manifestation of a 1692 act calling for the establishment of the Church of England in Maryland. The act was a blow to the colony’s Catholic proprietor who made freedom of religion a cornerstone of his provincial charter. The change influenced the 1694 decision to move the capital to Annapolis from the Catholic stronghold at St. Mary’s City. The current church, a good example of architecture inspired by the Romanesque of northern Italy, is actually the third on-site, erected after a fire destroyed the second church, built in 1785–1792. Its Gothic Revival spire was added in 1865–1866. The basilica-plan interior, with a long nave and side aisles, incorporates an impressive display of exposed ceiling beams supported by large-scale ornamental brackets. Sculptor William H. Rinehart carved the stone altar and baptismal font. Tiffany stained glass windows were added in 1893 and German walnut reredos behind the altar in 1920. Its picturesque surrounding includes old-growth trees and a cemetery that dates to the mid-eighteenth century.

Writing Credits

Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie



  • 1858


What's Nearby


Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie, "ST. ANNE’S EPISCOPAL CHURCH", [Annapolis, Maryland], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Maryland, Lisa Pfueller Davidson and Catherine C. Lavoie. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2022, 66-66.

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.