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The Boardwalk Building (Berkey and Gay Furniture Company)

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Berkey and Gay Furniture Company
1892; 1912, 1921 additions; 2002 rehabilitation. 940 Monroe Ave. NW
  • (Photograph by Roger Funk)
  • (Photograph by Balthazar Korab)

The Berkey and Gay Furniture Company Factory, now The Boardwalk Building, marks the importance of furniture manufacturing in Grand Rapids from 1870 to 1929 and of mixed-use redevelopment to the economic and social health of the city today.

In 1873, Julius Berkey and George Gay formed the Berkey and Gay Furniture Company. Berkey formerly manufactured sashes, doors, and blinds. Gay owned half interest in a predecessor furniture company. In 1882 Berkey and Gay built and equipped a factory complex of manufacturing, office, warehouse, shipping, and showroom space that occupied three-square blocks at 178 Canal Street (now Monroe Avenue at Michigan Street). Lumberyards were at the site. Eventually, in 1911, after merging with the Oriel Cabinet Company, maker of fancy and art furniture, Berkey and Gay acquired the former Oriel Cabinet Company factory that was the initial structure in the additive building on Monroe Street. Using the slogan “For Your Children's Heirlooms,” the company produced furniture and confirmed the prominence of Grand Rapids as the “Furniture Capital.” That reputation was established earlier when Berkey and Gay Furniture Company, then the largest furniture manufacturer in the city, and three other Grand Rapids furniture manufacturers exhibited at the 1876 Centennial in Philadelphia.

The factory was built in three phases: a large U-shaped structure that the Oriel Cabinet Company put up in 1892 became the Berkey and Gay Furniture Company Plant No. 1 when the furniture makers merged; an addition that enclosed the U shape and created the south courtyard in 1912; and a U-shaped addition to the north that created the north courtyard in 1912.

The sprawling, five-story, yellowish-white brick building is extraordinary, for it was contemporary with H. H. Richardson's Marshall Field Wholesale Store of 1885–1887. The company's superb woodworking facilities and concern for the workers' welfare had few equals at this time. The structure is arranged around two open interior courtyards that provided ample light and ventilation. Like this building, the Adler and Sullivan Auditorium Building in Chicago (1886–1890) employed the prominent large arched opening at the street level, a series of windows to effect a vertical movement, and a terminating parapet. Whereas the Adler and Sullivan work is refined and elegant, the Berkey and Gay factory is direct and robust.

Pioneer Construction led the rehabilitation of the 500,000-square-foot former factory into The Boardwalk Building of 373 apartments, a restaurant, offices, and retail space, thereby launching the rebirth of the city's near north side. This project coupled with the rehabilitation of 100,000 square feet of the American Seating Company factory complex on the city's near north and west sides into urban residences, and working and entertainment facilities represented a major investment. Together, in 2004, the projects were the recipient of the governor's award for their mixed use of housing, commercial, and recreational facilities in close proximity and that revitalized declining neighborhoods. With exposed brick walls, massive oak beams, lofty ceilings, and windows that afford views of the river or one of two central courtyards with atria, the rehabilitation respects and enhances the craftsmanship of the original Berkey and Gay building.

Writing Credits

Kathryn Bishop Eckert


What's Nearby


Kathryn Bishop Eckert, "The Boardwalk Building (Berkey and Gay Furniture Company)", [Grand Rapids, Michigan], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Michigan

Buildings of Michigan, Kathryn Bishop Eckert. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012, 255-256.

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