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Stroh River Place (Parke-Davis Pharmaceutical Company)

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Parke-Davis Pharmaceutical Company
1891–1948, various architects; 1981–present rehabilitation, various architects. Joseph Campau St. at the Detroit River
  • Drug Productions Building
  • Drug Productions Building
  • Administration Building

Located on 14.5 acres on the east riverfront, River Place is the rehabilitated complex of the late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century industrial structures that comprised the Parke-Davis Pharmaceutical Company. Parke-Davis played a key role in early drug research and production. The twenty-one buildings within the complex date from 1891 to 1948. Before the automobile industry dominated Detroit's economic life in the twentieth century, Parke-Davis was a major employer in the city. Warner Lambert acquired the company in 1970, retaining the Parke-Davis name but sold this plant in 1982, one year after moving out. Other industries on the east riverfront included the Peninsula Car Works, the Michigan Stove Company, and American Eagle Tobacco Company.

Stroh Properties, Inc., later River Place Properties, purchased the site in 1981 with bold plans to invest private and public funds to rehabilitate to the master plans of James Stuart Polshek the extensive space within the industrial buildings for mixed use.

Most of the office, laboratory, and drug production buildings are built of brick with light stone decoration. Facing the river, the Administration Building (1927, Smith, Hinchman and Grylls) at 100 River Place is the most architecturally distinctive. Stroh Brewery initially moved its corporate headquarters to the administration building, but now it serves as corporate headquarters for the Talon Group. Detroit Research (Building 55/Parke-Davis Research Laboratory, 1902, Donaldson and Meier), also located on the river, was the first industrial laboratory in the United States built for commercial pharmaceutical research. Together with Building 54, a laboratory designed by Albert Kahn in 1942, Building 55 is a National Historic Landmark and the former Omni Detroit River Place, a 108-room luxury hotel at 1000 River Place rehabilitated to plans by Tomlinson and Harburn of Flint. The Drug Productions Building (1921, 1926; 300 River Place) by Kahn has been rehabilitated into office and retail space, complete with atriums and modern amenities.

The earlier laboratories, warehouses, and production facilities (1908; 400 and 500 River Place) were rehabilitated to the plans of Louis Redstone for use as 247 apartment units. Six Hundred River Place is a new parking garage designed to replicate the appearance of the 1910s and 1920s buildings in the complex. On its roof are fifty-four town houses planned by Redstone. The Personnel Building (1920–1921) will become the River Place Athletic and Croquet Club (1400 River Place) as Tomlinson and Harburn's plans for rehabilitation and new construction are completed. Two Hundred River Place is loft condominiums. As individual phases of the project were committed to, River Place Properties, Inc., took on partners.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Kathryn Bishop Eckert
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Citation

Kathryn Bishop Eckert, "Stroh River Place (Parke-Davis Pharmaceutical Company)", [Detroit, Michigan], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/MI-01-WN108.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Michigan

Buildings of Michigan, Kathryn Bishop Eckert. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012, 106-107.

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