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Detroit Federal Building/Theodore Levin U.S. District Courthouse (U.S. Post Office, Courthouse, and Custom House)

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U.S. Post Office, Courthouse, and Custom House
1932–1934, Robert O. Derrick and Branson V. Gambler. Bounded by W. Fort and Shelby sts., Washington Blvd., and W. Lafayette Ave.

The sleekly Moderne federal building stands on the site once occupied by Fort Learnault, Fort Shelby, and later, in 1897, the Richardsonian Romanesque U.S. Post Office, Courthouse, and Custom House by James H. Windrim. The present ten-story steel-frame structure with limestone exterior walls has an open central court above the second floor. The building rests on a base of polished black stone. Fluted pilasters mark the recessed entrance, above which a relief sculpture of eagles and emblems represents the building's governmental functions. Of particular interest is the dignity of U.S. District Courtroom (Judge John Feikens's courtroom, Room 733), in which were installed varied polished marble and carved wood trim and furnishings removed from the 1897 courthouse that was demolished to make way for this building. James A. Wetmore, Supervising Architect of the U.S. Treasury, oversaw the project. In response to the huge demand for federal buildings in the 1920s and the urging of the AIA, the Public Buildings Act of 1926 gave Wetmore authority to employ outside architects.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Kathryn Bishop Eckert

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