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Armstrong County Jail

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1873, James McCullough Jr. 1981–1982, L. Robert Kimball and Associates. 500 E. Market St.

While most Gothic Revival buildings attempt to recall the graceful, spiritually uplifting forms of a medieval cathedral, this jail is modeled on a castle. The heavily crenellated building of Clarion County golden sandstone has two projecting towers on the facade and a high watchtower in the center. The main entrance is recessed between the two towers. Special features are incorporated into the design to prevent prisoners from escaping. Between a convict and freedom are two-and-one-half feet of brick threaded with steel bands to prevent tunneling, and a series of iron plates in the floor to prevent digging. The roof has been reinforced since its original construction. A brick version (1873–1874) of this building, also designed by James McCullough, stands in Clarion ( CL2), and the 1868–1869 prison in Hollidaysburg, Blair County, designed by Edward Haviland, may have been the model ( BL3). In 1981, L. Robert Kimball redesigned the cell blocks, guardrooms, control center, and visiting area, turning what was originally the warden's apartment into offices and installing modern security devices.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Lu Donnelly et al.
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Citation

Lu Donnelly et al., "Armstrong County Jail", [Kittanning, Pennsylvania], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/PA-01-AR2.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of PA vol 1

Buildings of Pennsylvania: Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania, Lu Donnelly, H. David Brumble IV, and Franklin Toker. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2010, 190-190.

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