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Peter Colley Tavern

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1796; 1842 addition. U.S. 40 near Brier Hill, 3.5 miles southeast of Brownsville

This three-bay stone inn was built by Peter and Hannah Colley along what was then the Nemacolin Path from Cumberland, Maryland, to Brownsville. The original eighteenth-century portion of the house is the quintessential stone house of the region, and was the centerpiece of the family's considerable holdings. It operated as a tavern from 1801 until 1824, when Peter retired seven years after the National Road replaced the earlier path. George, the youngest of the eleven Colley children, reopened the tavern in 1842, after adding the five-bay stone addition to the south. The fourteen-room, L-shaped inn is one of the largest stone inns along the National Road and the oldest in Pennsylvania. The Colleys sold it in 1880, but the building was always used as a home in addition to its commercial functions. The Brier Hill Coke Company, which built a company town nearby, purchased it in 1902. The bank barn east of the house was built in 1848 using queen-post construction and no ridgepole. Tax records indicate that the house and barn were built by Welsh, English, and Scots-Irish masons and carpenters. The building has been abandoned for many years.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Lu Donnelly et al.
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Citation

Lu Donnelly et al., "Peter Colley Tavern", [, Pennsylvania], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/PA-01-FA16.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of PA vol 1

Buildings of Pennsylvania: Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania, Lu Donnelly, H. David Brumble IV, and Franklin Toker. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2010, 247-248.

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