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Town Square

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1764. Main St. and Lincoln Way
  • Town Square
  • Fountain
  • Central Presbyterian Church
  • Valley National Bank

Chambersburg's heart, like most of eastern Pennsylvania's county towns, is its town square. Laid out by Benjamin Chambers as the center of the village that was originally known as Falling Spring, it is now immersed in a confusing sea of traffic that swirls around a central fountain. The fountain was constructed as a Civil War memorial from pieces cast by J. W. Fiske of New York and assembled by the Variety Iron Works in nearby York. It was dedicated in July 1878 after the town's Civil War destruction had largely been repaired. The twin spires of Central Presbyterian Church (40 Lincoln Way W) betray the German-based Gothic Revival of Stephen D. Button's 1868 design, though the church was refaced and altered twice in the twentieth century to push its detail and brickwork toward the colonial. Other key buildings include the early-twentieth-century Farmers and Merchants Trust on the square's southeast corner, and facing Main Street is a late Furness, Evans and Co., design for the Valley National Bank in white Vermont marble that perhaps reflects the original scheme for Philadelphia's Girard Trust Company (PH53) before it was revised toward its great domed form. Here there are references to Victorian schematization of classical detail, making it clear that this is not the standard Beaux-Arts. The bank building has recently been adapted as the Chambersburg Heritage Center.

Writing Credits

Author: 
George E. Thomas
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Data

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Citation

George E. Thomas, "Town Square", [Chambersburg, Pennsylvania], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/PA-02-FR1.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of PA vol 2

Buildings of Pennsylvania: Philadelphia and Eastern Pennsylvania, George E. Thomas, with Patricia Likos Ricci, Richard J. Webster, Lawrence M. Newman, Robert Janosov, and Bruce Thomas. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012, 381-381.

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