You are here

Wyoming Monument

-A A +A
1834–1842, Thomas Ustick Walter. Wyoming Ave. and Susquehanna St.

Philadelphian Walter's classical obelisk is a solemn reminder of the hold that the Wyoming Valley's mythic founding event, the battle of Wyoming—a military defeat for the Patriot militia, but a propaganda defeat for the British—had on the nineteenth-century American imagination. This early example of commemorative architecture consists of a pedestal and obelisk of dark gray local sandstone laid in ashlar blocks twelve to fifteen inches in thickness. The remains of the dead, buried in a common grave after the battle, were reinterred below. Designs for a suitable monument were first solicited in 1833, as the battle of July 3, 1778, and its bloody aftermath were being recalled for a new generation in prose (J. H. St. John de Crèvecoeur) and verse (Thomas Campbell's “Gertrude of Wyoming,” 1809). From the time the monument was commissioned to the present, it has been the center of annual commemorations, drawing such guests as Presidents Rutherford B. Hayes and Theodore Roosevelt.

Writing Credits

Author: 
George E. Thomas
×

Data

What's Nearby

Citation

George E. Thomas, "Wyoming Monument", [Wyoming, Pennsylvania], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/PA-02-LU45.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of PA vol 2

Buildings of Pennsylvania: Philadelphia and Eastern Pennsylvania, George E. Thomas, with Patricia Likos Ricci, Richard J. Webster, Lawrence M. Newman, Robert Janosov, and Bruce Thomas. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012, 475-475.

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.

, ,