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St. George's Methodist Episcopal Church

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1763–1769, 1792, 1835. N. 4th and New sts.

Begun by the German Reformed congregation as the Georg Kirche, the shell of the church was purchased by Methodists to serve converts to their new denomination. Its location on the edge of the city in the working-class neighborhoods foretold the future of the denomination. The spartan brick facade with a simple cornice, like that of the nearby Quaker meetinghouse (PH6), contrasted with the worldly sophistication of the Church of England from which they had splintered as a reform movement in the mid-eighteenth century. In another of the legalistic definitions in which Philadelphians specialize, its members claim it to be the “oldest, continuously used” Methodist church in the world. In this church the Reverend Richard Allen became the first African American Methodist licensed to preach. Allen later founded the African Methodist Church, and formed the congregation of “Mother Bethel” (PH37). The church has been improved, beginning with galleries in the 1790s and the insertion of a basement for its Sunday school in 1835. It narrowly escaped demolition in 1921 when it was projected as part of the site of the Delaware River Bridge (PH1). A fourteen-foot shift of the bridge route spared it.

Writing Credits

Author: 
George E. Thomas
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Citation

George E. Thomas, "St. George's Methodist Episcopal Church", [Philadelphia, Pennsylvania], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/PA-02-PH9.

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of PA vol 2

Buildings of Pennsylvania: Philadelphia and Eastern Pennsylvania, George E. Thomas, with Patricia Likos Ricci, Richard J. Webster, Lawrence M. Newman, Robert Janosov, and Bruce Thomas. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012, 54-54.

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