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Golden Plough Tavern

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1741; 1961 restored, G. Edwin Brumbaugh. 159 W. Market St.
  • (Photograph by Matthew Aungst)
  • Golden Plough Tavern (© George E. Thomas)
  • (© George E. Thomas)
  • York Courthouse Re-creation (© George E. Thomas)

German native Michael (or Martin) Eichelberger received permission to operate a tavern in 1741 and built a structure that might have seemed familiar in his native Karlsruhe. Above a base of massive square-hewn logs is a classic medieval timber frame, infilled with brick chinking that forms the west gable end. Together the steep roof profile and central chimney, the off-center door, and small windows are hallmarks of the German architecture before English Georgian fashion made inroads. Clapboarded for much of its history, the tavern was restored by the master of early period restoration, Brumbaugh, and is now owned by the York County Heritage Trust. In the rear yard is the early-nineteenth-century log house known as the Barnett-Bobb House. It was moved to the present site to save it from demolition. Across the street to the west is the re-created York Courthouse, a project for the nation's bicentennial, designed by local architect C. William Dize.

Writing Credits

George E. Thomas


What's Nearby


George E. Thomas, "Golden Plough Tavern", [York, Pennsylvania], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of PA vol 2

Buildings of Pennsylvania: Philadelphia and Eastern Pennsylvania, George E. Thomas, with Patricia Likos Ricci, Richard J. Webster, Lawrence M. Newman, Robert Janosov, and Bruce Thomas. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2012, 355-355.

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