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Butler House

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c. 1865. 92–94 Pelham St. (at Corne St.)
  • Butler House

And here a full-blown Italian villa, the dominating tower at the corner making a virtual wing of the body of the house. Three stories of tall, narrow windows rise in the tower, providing a display of round-arched and rectangular openings hooded by segmental and table projections on brackets, all climaxed by a deep, bracketed overhang at the eaves. The entrance porch to the adjacent office demonstrates how the choice of essentially eclectic examples from the past (like the Italian villa, which mixed classical, medieval, and vernacular elements) loosened the classical hold of the Greek Revival. The canonical entablature supported by Ionic columns is scooped into a bracketed arch; classical pediments tend toward shading hoods; the expected classical dentil molding under the cornice becomes a rope molding; the entrance is an elegant but nonclassical arch. The more exotic aspects of Greek ornament were especially attractive to mid-nineteenth-century taste and anticipated the lavish embellishment of much Victorian design, as suggested by the Egyptoid lushness of the capitals of the Littlefield House and, here, the beautiful acroterion which surmounts the entrance pediment of the office wing. Except only for the Edward King House, the Butler House is the finest extant example of the Italian Villa Style in Newport.

Writing Credits

Author: 
William H. Jordy et al.
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Data

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Citation

William H. Jordy et al., "Butler House", [Newport, Rhode Island], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/RI-01-NE66.

Print Source

Buildings of Rhode Island, William H. Jordy, with Ronald J. Onorato and William McKenzie Woodward. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004, 538-538.

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