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J. P. Morgan Chase Building (Gulf Building)

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Gulf Building
1929, Alfred C. Finn, Kenneth Franzheim, and J. E. R. Carpenter. 712 Main St.
  • (Photograph by Gerald Moorhead )

The former Gulf Building is Houston's great Art Deco skyscraper. Built by real estate developer, banker, and newspaper publisher Jesse H. Jones (who ran the Reconstruction Finance Corporation for Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1933 to 1944), it contained the regional headquarters of the Gulf Oil Company, which remained here until 1982, and Jones's National Bank of Commerce, now J. P. Morgan Chase. At thirty-six stories and four hundred and fifty-feet in height, it was Houston's tallest building from 1929 until 1963. In 1987 Texas Commerce Bank completed a certified rehabilitation of the building by Sikes Jennings Kelly and CRS Sirrine.

Writing Credits

Gerald Moorhead et al.


What's Nearby


Gerald Moorhead et al., "J. P. Morgan Chase Building (Gulf Building)", [Houston, Texas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Texas

Buildings of Texas: Central, South, and Gulf Coast, Gerald Moorhead and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013, 333-333.

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