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Independence Baptist Church

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1872. FM 390 at TX 50
  • (Photograph by Gerald Moorhead )

This is the oldest continuously active Baptist church in the state; its congregation was formed in 1839. The current building replaced the first meetinghouse built of adobe in 1853 and that burned. General Sam Houston, the congregation's most famous member, was baptized in 1854 by R. C. Burleson in Rocky Creek two miles south of town. Other notable Texan congregants include George W. Baines, a Baptist clergyman and the maternal great-grandfather of President Lyndon Baines Johnson; Margaret Lea Houston, Sam Houston's wife; and her mother, Nancy. The church is a modest gable-roofed stone structure and still houses the pulpit furniture and pews associated with Sam Houston, salvaged during the 1853 fire. The adjacent Texas Baptist Museum houses the original 1856 bell.

Writing Credits

Gerald Moorhead et al.


What's Nearby


Gerald Moorhead et al., "Independence Baptist Church", [Brenham, Texas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Texas

Buildings of Texas: Central, South, and Gulf Coast, Gerald Moorhead and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013, 81-81.

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