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House (Wharton County Jail)

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Wharton County Jail
1854, 1889. 104 S. Resident St.

This former Wharton County Jail is a remarkable survivor. When Heiner's jail (see WD2) was completed in 1889, the existing 1854 building was sold to Margaret Gates and George Q. Rust, who converted it into a house. According to Wharton historian Merle R. Hudgins, the building is of wood construction but was reinforced with a brick exterior casing in 1861. It represents the public building type that prevailed in Texas until displaced by more spatially and decoratively elaborated late-nineteenth-century building types (see PF23, PF27).

Writing Credits

Gerald Moorhead et al.


What's Nearby


Gerald Moorhead et al., "House (Wharton County Jail)", [Wharton, Texas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Texas

Buildings of Texas: Central, South, and Gulf Coast, Gerald Moorhead and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013, 449-449.

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