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Old Fort Parker

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1936. Park Rd. 35, off TX 14, 6 miles north of Groesbeck
  • (Photograph by Gerald Moorhead )

Old Fort Parker is a reconstruction of a palisaded fort originally built in 1834. It is the only fort of this type to have been built in Texas, although the type was prevalent in the eastern United States. The twelve-foot-high, square enclosure of cedar logs included two blockhouses at opposite corners and several interior log cabins. Elder John Parker of the Predestinarian Baptist sect and his three sons and families came from Crawford County, Illinois. On May 19, 1836, a band of Indians attacked the fort, killing five and capturing five, including nine-year-old Cynthia Ann Parker. She was adopted by a Comanche family and became the wife of Chief Peta Nocona, bearing him three children. In the winter of 1860, Texas Rangers under Captain Lawrence “Sul” Ross attacked the Comanche camp on the Pease River and recaptured Cynthia Ann (Naduah) and her daughter. She was returned to her relatives in east Texas but could not readjust to her former life. Her son, Quannah Parker, was the last of the Comanche leaders to be subdued and removed from Texas to Indian Territory in 1875.

Writing Credits

Gerald Moorhead et al.


What's Nearby


Gerald Moorhead et al., "Old Fort Parker", [Groesbeck, Texas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Texas

Buildings of Texas: Central, South, and Gulf Coast, Gerald Moorhead and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013, 133-133.

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