You are here

First Presbyterian Church

-A A +A
1913, C. D. Hill; 1989 rehabilitated, The Oglesby Group. 401 S. Harwood St.

With western expansion limited by the Trinity River, and north and south growth hampered by rail lines, downtown Dallas spread east around the turn of the twentieth century. The classical monuments along Harwood Street reflect the shift in civic dominance to this end of the city. Founded in 1856, the Presbyterian congregation occupied three previous churches before building this classical model with two matching Corinthian pedimented porticos dominating the intersection of Wood and Harwood streets. The four two-story-tall fluted Corinthian columns of each portico are monolithic Indiana limestone. The interior is based on the Akron plan, with curved seating.

In a dialogue with the classical religious temple, the secular Scottish Rite Temple (1913, Hubbell and Greene), across the street at 500 S. Harwood, uses a monumental portico without a pediment, six Corinthian columns with a bold cornice over modillions topped by a balustrade. Dark brown brick walls contrast with stone quoins. The classical march down S. Harwood Street ends with the Masonic Temple (1941, Flint and Broad) at number 501, a lean and stripped-down version of Paul P. Cret’s classic modern mode.

Writing Credits

Gerald Moorhead et al.


What's Nearby


Gerald Moorhead et al., "First Presbyterian Church", [Dallas, Texas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Texas

Buildings of Texas: East, North Central, Panhandle and South Plains, and West, Gerald Moorhead and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2019, 151-151.

If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.

SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.