Once an industrial site on the Broad Run River, a tributary of the Occoquan River, this is a small and pretty enclave of about a dozen structures tucked along busy U.S. 29. Chartered in 1798 as “Buck Land,” the town, according to local tradition, was named in honor of the architect-builder William Buckland. Buckland, who died in 1774, had designed a house for Samuel Love, the father of John Love, who established the town. Important as a transportation stop along the turnpike that ran west from Washington, it also had several mills, including a woolen mill. In 1869 a local newspaper claimed it was “the ‘Lowell’ of Prince William County.” Today, only the remains of an 1899 gristmill survive, along with several former taverns and houses, a few of which have been restored. The houses, in a variety of sizes and materials, all date from c. 1800–c. 1840.
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