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King and Queen Court House

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VA 14

Still a rural courthouse hamlet, the town, like the county, was named for William and Mary, who occupied the throne when the county was formed in 1691. The original King and Queen County Courthouse (c. 1750; 1828, rebuilding and addition. 1864, rebuilding. 1895, addition) is a mixed affair, with a small portion of original Flemish bond brickwork and glazed headers still visible beneath the later additions. A fire badly damaged the original T-shaped structure in 1828, and it was rebuilt and subsequently added to. Then Union raiders set it ablaze along with the adjacent clerk's office and jail. Rebuilt again in 1864, it received a further addition in 1895. The courthouse compound contains the usual Confederate monument (1913) and clerk's office and jail (c. 1870). The courthouse yard wall was constructed in the 1930s under WPA auspices. The new courthouse and county administration building (1997, Moseley, Harris, and McClintock) attempts to relate to the earlier courthouse through the colonnade, windows, cornice, and copper-clad arched roof. Adjacent is Fary Tavern (c. 1802). Immanuel Episcopal Church (1884) follows the Upjohn formula of boardand-batten siding, although the windows are round-headed rather than pointed. A sundial near the church door contains the mark of the maker, John Bowan, Bristol. It dates from 1715.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Richard Guy Wilson et al.
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Citation

Richard Guy Wilson et al., "King and Queen Court House", [King and Queen Court House, Virginia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/VA-01-PE40.

Print Source

Buildings of Virginia: Tidewater and Piedmont, Richard Guy Wilson and contributors. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002, 347-347.

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