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Hebron Lutheran Church

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1740. 1885, ceiling, Joseph Dominick Phillip Oddenino, decorative painter. c. 1980, restoration. VA 638 (1 mile north from Madison on VA 231, right on VA 638 for .8 mile)
  • (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • (Photograph by Mark Mones)
  • (Photograph by Mark Mones)

Isolated in open countryside, this simple T-shaped building—the cruciform shape the result of an addition—is the oldest structure in continuous use by the Lutherans in the United States. The congregation was formed by Germans working at Governor Spotswood's nearby mining community of Germanna (destroyed, now an archaeological site). The original framing remains; it has been re-clapboarded and new foundations have been installed. The interior contains galleries at the entrance and in the transept arms. The Italian muralist Oddenino decorated the ceilings with fresco in 1885. The pipe organ, dated 1800, came from Lititz, Pennsylvania.

Writing Credits

Richard Guy Wilson et al.


What's Nearby


Richard Guy Wilson et al., "Hebron Lutheran Church", [Madison, Virginia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Virginia: Tidewater and Piedmont, Richard Guy Wilson and contributors. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002, 126-126.

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