Scotchtown is important historically because Patrick Henry, the fiery Revolutionary orator, lived at this plantation between 1771 and 1778 and during this period gave some of his most impassioned addresses. It is important in architectural terms as the largest surviving one-story colonial house in Virginia. It dates to some time after 1717, when Charles Chiswell of Williamsburg purchased the property. With nine bays, it resembles a barn. Eight rooms and a central passage occupy the main floor, and more space is provided under the clipped or jerkinhead gable roof. Several outbuildings have been restored along with the gardens. The property is owned by the APVA.
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