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Chuckatuck Historic District

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Intersection of VA 10 (Godwin Blvd.) and VA 125 (King's Hwy.)
  • Chuckatuck Historic District
  • Chuckatuck Historic District

Chuckatuck is a good example of a southern Tidewater village on a deepwater river (Chuckatuck Creek) which provided transportation for the agricultural economy of the surrounding area. A crossroads settlement was formed here by 1672. It escaped destruction during the Revolution and the Civil War. Farming remains its primary support.

One of the town's most prominent architectural landmarks is the Godwin-Knight House ( ST9.1) (1856, 1900; 140 King's Highway), originally constructed as a two-and-one-halfstory dwelling with a side-hall plan. It underwent a significant remodeling in 1900, when Queen Anne features—a wraparound porch, a corner tower, shingles, and a third floor balcony—were added. The remodeling demonstrates the persistence of the Queen Anne style in provincial areas of Virginia. The source was possibly one of George Barber's publications. Visible from the road are outbuildings dating from c. 1880–c. 1920: chicken houses, a smokehouse, a garage, a summer kitchen, and a Delco generator house. The house was the home of a two-term Virginia governor, Mills E. Godwin, Jr. The house across the road is virtually identical.

A group of bungalows (c. 1915–1930; 153, 256, 260, 264, and 282 King's Highway) were constructed for workers of the Lone Star Cement Company, which located near here; they demonstrate a range of “bungaloid” variations in siting and porches.

A village needs a general store, and the Lafayette Gwaltney Store ( ST9.2) (c. 1840, c. 1890; 5996 Godwin Boulevard, corner of King's Highway), located prominently at the crossroads, is the only survivor of the three that provided supplies for local farmers and town residents. It was originally built as a residence, but George Britten converted the downstairs into a store c. 1890 by installing large storefront windows and a shed-roofed porch supported by square posts with scalloped trim.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Richard Guy Wilson et al.
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Data

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Citation

Richard Guy Wilson et al., "Chuckatuck Historic District", [Suffolk, Virginia], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/VA-01-ST9.

Print Source

Buildings of Virginia: Tidewater and Piedmont, Richard Guy Wilson and contributors. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002, 466-467.

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