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Björklunden Chapel (Björklunden Vid Sjön)

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1939–1947, Winifred Boynton. 7590 Boynton Ln.

Here in the woods near Lake Michigan sits a spectacular evocation of a fifteenth-century Norwegian stave church. Winifred Boynton created Björklunden Chapel to celebrate her Norwegian roots and her religious faith. A housewife from the Chicago suburb of Highland Park, Boynton had no formal training. She learned woodcarving and fresco techniques as she went along, finding instruction at a local school, at the Chicago Art Institute, and from a friend, painter Walter Vladimir Rousseff. She even visited Norway to conduct research on medieval Norwegian art.

Boynton and husband Donald, helped by local craftsmen, built the structure of handadzed fir timbers and redwood planks. The traditional stave churches layered sharply pointed gables atop one another, each gable smaller than the one beneath it. Boynton simplified this pattern somewhat, placing the ridge of the front-facing gable a bit higher than the cross-gables on either side, then crowning it with a front-gabled belfry. She embellished the roof with diamond-shaped cedar shingles, ridge crestings pierced with a trefoil motif, and scalloped bargeboards ending with small dragon heads, which were meant to scare off evil spirits. The Boyntons hand-carved the fifty-two gargoyles lurking under the eaves, the sinuous dragons filling the arch over the plank door, the mask-like faces topping the spiral columns on either side of the entrance, and the bears forming the columns’ bases.

Over the sanctuary entrance, an elaborate architrave features woodworkers’ tools inter-twined with dragons’ tails. Richer carvings are inside the sanctuary. The Boyntons carved the butternut pew-ends with flowers, family heraldry, and images of St. Olaf in a Viking ship and St. George slaying the dragon. Christ’s disciples are on the baptismal font, fishes and doves appear in the pulpit, and grapevines and an angel highlight the altar. Winifred Boynton also painted forty-one frescoes in the primitive manner of Swedish bönader, peasant wall hangings. The religious images include concepts such as Faith and Charity, the Peaceable Kingdom, and the legend of the unicorn.

The Boyntons built the chapel on the grounds of their summer retreat, which they called Björklunden Vid Sjön, or “Birch Forest by the Water” (now a conference center for Lawrence University). It included a Scandinavian-style house, which Winifred designed and the couple built. Above its first story, constructed of hewn logs and chinked with mortar, hangs a second story of rough-hewn timbers, recalling a traditional Norwegian stabbur, or granary. On the exposed ridge, Winifred carved images of dragons with long tongues and glaring green eyes.

Writing Credits

Author: 
Marsha Weisiger et al.
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Citation

Marsha Weisiger et al., "Björklunden Chapel (Björklunden Vid Sjön)", [Baileys Harbor, Wisconsin], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—, http://sah-archipedia.org/buildings/WI-01-DR8.

Print Source

Buildings of Wisconsin

Buildings of Wisconsin, Marsha Weisiger and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2017, 281-282.

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