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1993. 2750 County Rd. H
  • (Photograph by James T. Potter, courtesy of the Wisconsin Historical Society)

Waswagoning offers visitors a re-created Ojibwe village on the shore of Moving Cloud Lake on the Lac du Flambeau Reservation. This exhibit by Nick Hokking and members of the Lac du Flambeau band depicts Ojibwe wigwams, utensils, and material goods. Wigwams were the major house type used by local native people in the wooded headwaters of the Mississippi River tributaries. Women could quickly erect these simple structures from materials growing wherever the band moved the camp. Women gathered flexible saplings, removed the bark, sharpened one end (though, more commonly, poles were reused from the previous camp), and inserted the poles into the ground in a circle or oval outline. They then bent the poles over to meet a sapling from the opposite side and lashed them together with cordage made from the inner bark of a tree or with leather thongs. Smaller saplings linked the vertical poles. The result was a domed framework, on which birch bark or woven cattail mats were hung and tied in place. A hole in the center of the roof allowed the smoke from the campfire to escape, and an eastward-facing doorway provided access. A hide or blanket served as a door.

Writing Credits

Marsha Weisiger et al.


What's Nearby


Marsha Weisiger et al., "Waswagoning", [Lac du Flambeau, Wisconsin], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Buildings of Wisconsin

Buildings of Wisconsin, Marsha Weisiger and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2017, 329-329.

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