The county seat (1871, 5,046 feet) was named for pioneer Hugo Richards, an official of the Holladay Overland Express and Mail Company. Hugo started out as a stagecoach stop, but after the Kansas Pacific arrived in 1870, it became an important cattle shipping point. Its finest hour came when President Theodore Roosevelt, passing through on a campaign train, was persuaded to stop for a steak and coffee breakfast with cowboys assembled for the spring roundup.
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