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Brandywine Creek had long afforded Wilmingtonians with recreation: walks, picnics, bathing, skating. A proposal for the city to buy land on its banks was rejected in a town meeting in 1865. Three years later, the threat of houses going up between Wilmington and Brandywine Cemetery (WL48) and Rattlesnake Run upstream led to an outcry. A committee was established in 1868–1869 and recommended a Brandywine Park, the fast-flowing rocky river being a scenic amenity few other American cities could boast. Still, nothing was done.

In 1881, textile magnate William P. Bancroft complained that Wilmington was growing fast, with scarcely any provision for parks or open spaces of any kind—except cemeteries. Two years later, he pushed the state legislature to set up the Wilmington Board of Park Commissioners, to which his cousin, banker and botanist William M. Canby, was appointed. Canby wrote to Frederick Law Olmsted, famous Boston landscape designer, who accepted an invitation to visit Wilmington. Olmsted reported (in December 1883) that the city should move quickly to purchase both banks of the river, which it did, buying 115 acres in 1886–1887. Olmsted did not design the park, however. Instead, credit should go to the Wilmington Board of Park Commissioners, along with Samuel Canby and Theodore A. Leisen.

By 1908, the park embraced 178 acres, and the scenic Brandywine raceways were depicted on innumerable postcards. Recent years have seen an effort to rid the park of invasive plant species, and Brandywine Zoo has been refurbished (Homsey Architects). The State Division of Parks took over Brandywine Park in the 1990s, with positive results, and scholar Susan Mulchahey Chase has recently written a history.

Writing Credits

W. Barksdale Maynard



W. Barksdale Maynard, "BRANDYWINE PARK", [, Delaware], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Delaware

Buildings of Delaware, W. Barksdale Maynard. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2008, 123-123.

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