Accessed by a one-lane bridge, the Hanalei valley was one of the major taro-growing areas on Kauai, but many of the loiwere converted to rice production by the Chinese in the late nineteenth century. With the decline of rice in the 1920s, taro cultivation was revived and continues to be a major crop. Hanalei Bay's white sand, crescent-shaped beach is dotted with beach houses, several of which date to the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; shops along the highway cater primarily to the visitor trade.
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