Monroe County was very much a part of the national scene in the years just before and after the Civil War when it was a nationally famous resort, rivaling Cape May, New Jersey, with more than fifty hotels, some of several hundred rooms. The site was first settled by Antoine Dutot, who established the village of Dutotsburg in 1793. In 1829, Dutot began the construction of a hotel but later sold the unfinished structure to Samuel Snyder, who renamed it Kittatinny House in honor of the mountain divided by the Delaware River that created the great geological feature of Water Gap. With the arrival of direct rail travel from New York City in 1853 and from Scranton in 1856, the site boomed. In the 1887 Summer Excursionbooklet of the Pennsylvania Railroad, twenty hotels were listed including the Kittatinny House, which housed three hundred guests, as well as the similarly sized Mountain House (all demolished).
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