The village, earlier known as Remington's Run and Burlingame's Mills, received its present name when the Arkwright Manufacturing Company (in honor of Richard Arkwright, the British inventor and mill owner) got underway in 1809 and opened its cotton mill during the following year. Nothing remains of this initial phase of textile operations except for altered mill housing across the river (over the Arkwright Bridge). The present mills are standard brick buildings of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The glories of the village are two late-nineteenth-century metal bridges exhibiting different technologies.
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