The principal city of the Northern Piedmont, Leesburg, is also one of the most cohesive and best preserved. It was established in 1757 as a courthouse town, about three miles southeast of the Potomac River. Laid out on a gridiron plan, it is intersected east-west by Market Street (Virginia 7, beyond the town proper the Harry Byrd Highway), and north-south by King Street (U.S. 15, beyond the town James Monroe Highway, which follows a Native American trail). A recent bypass also carries these highways around the town.
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