Edinburg was settled by 1825 and initially was known as Shryrock after the family that owned a large tract of land upon which the town was built. According to Martin's Gazetteer of Virginia, by 1835 the town had a population of 130. Stony Creek provided power to Edinburg's mill (SH23). The Valley Turnpike and, in 1858, the Manassas Gap Railroad provided avenues of commerce, but also brought military troops and clashes during the Civil War. Because a fire in 1895 destroyed many commercial and residential buildings along Main and Piccadilly streets, the predominant architectural character of the town is from the turn-of-the-twentieth-century rebuilding.
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