The town of Shenandoah lies on the South Fork of the Shenandoah River at the Page and Rockingham county line. Developed around the Shenandoah Iron Works in the 1830s, the town was officially incorporated as Milnes in 1884, after William Milnes, owner of the ironworks, who was instrumental in rebuilding the community following a flood in 1870. Later the town changed its name to Shenandoah City and then shortened it to Shenandoah. Milnes also persuaded the Shenandoah Valley Railroad to provide rail service to the town in 1881, eventually making it a major transportation center for the region. A well-preserved railroad town of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Shenandoah has a number of buildings dating from that period.
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