Known variously over the years as Kanawha Salines, Saltborough, Terra Salis, the Salines, and, after 1885, as Malden, this small community began as an informal settlement stretching along the turnpike. It was given more formal focus in 1831 when a salt manufacturer platted lots for sale. By 1870 only one of the salt furnaces, the Dickinson works, remained in operation. It continued, on a much-reduced scale, until 1950, when a fire destroyed the plant. Malden's decline was ensured when, in 1946, U.S. 60 was rerouted to bypass the town. Today it exists in Charleston's shadow, a far cry from its heyday as a vibrant manufacturing center. Malden is also known for its association with noted black educator Booker T. Washington, who lived here after the Civil War, before moving to Alabama in 1881 to found Tuskeegee Institute.
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