Roane County and Spencer, its seat of government, together commemorate Spencer Roane, Virginia Supreme Court judge and Patrick Henry's son-in-law. The county was formed in 1856 and had a population of 5,381 when the 1860 census was taken. Roane County participated in the area's oil and natural gas boom of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and by 1910 the population had grown to 21,543, the largest figure recorded. As production declined throughout the twentieth century, so did the population. By 2000, it had fallen to 15,446.
If SAH Archipedia has been useful to you, please consider supporting it.
SAH Archipedia tells the story of the United States through its buildings, landscapes, and cities. This freely available resource empowers the public with authoritative knowledge that deepens their understanding and appreciation of the built environment. But the Society of Architectural Historians, which created SAH Archipedia with University of Virginia Press, needs your support to maintain the high-caliber research, writing, photography, cartography, editing, design, and programming that make SAH Archipedia a trusted online resource available to all who value the history of place, heritage tourism, and learning.