SAH Archipedia uses terms from the Getty Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) to categorize and classify metadata for the entries in the database. For more information on the Getty AAT, click here.

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servants' halls
Rooms where servants gather and dine.

service cores
Areas rising through the centers of buildings, devoted to such service functions as pipe chases, air ducts, elevators, fire stairs, and rest rooms.

service roads
Roads that run parallel to an express or highway, providing access to local stores and businesses. Roads that run parallel to an express or highway, providing access to local stores and businesses.

service stations
Establishments that primarily sell gasoline, lubricating oils, and other merchandise, such as tires and batteries, for motor vehicles and that often also perform minor repair work. For buildings or parts of buildings where motor vehicles are parked or housed, usually temporarily, use "garages."

settlement houses
Buildings that house a variety of individual and family social, educational, and recreational facilities provided for recent immigrants or residents of underprivileged neighborhoods; especially in England and the United States since the late 19th century.

sewers (drainage structures)
Underground conduits for carrying away waste and storm water.

sewing rooms
No description is available for this term.

Roughly and often crudely built dwellings.

shaft houses
Structures, often enclosed, located at the tops of mining shafts, for housing hoisting machinery.

shafts (spaces)
Well-like passages or enclosed vertical spaces in a building.

shaped gables
Gables each side of which is multicurved.

shear walls
Rigid planar surfaces that inherently resist lateral thrusts of shear. Rigid planar surfaces that inherently resist lateral thrusts of shear.

shed dormers
Dormers whose eaves lines are parallel to the eaves lines of the main roof instead of being gabled; provide more attic space than gabled dormers. Dormers whose eaves lines are parallel to the eaves lines of the main roof instead of being gabled; provide more attic space than gabled dormers.

sheds (storage structures)
Refers to modest outbuildings used for shelter or storage. A shed is usually one story, typically has one or more open sides, and may be covered by a lean-to roof with one high pitched plane covering the entire structure. It may be leaning against a permanent structure or standing alone. The special purpose of the shed is typically indicated by a defining word prefixing (e.g., "cowshed," "woodshed," "train shed").

sheep barns
Barns constructed or used for the housing of sheep, usually having a pen or pens large enough to contain several sheep or a flock, smaller pens for lambing (giving birth), and areas for shearing, feeding, and watering.

sheep farms
Tracts of land devoted to rearing sheep.

Pens or shelters for sheep.

shell middens
Term used to describe archaeological deposits consisting of the refuse from food preparation, particularly the shells of marine animals discarded after the removal of the edible portion. Shell middens are found throughout the world in many different cultures.

shell structures
Curved enclosing structures, almost always of concrete and very thin in relation to their span, and depending for structural stability on actions that may be computed by the membrane theory.

shelters (single built works)
General term for structures providing some degree of protection, refuge, or defense; if possible, use a more specific term.

shelving (storage area)
Storage area or structure containing shelves upon which books, boxes, and other materials are stored, such as in a libary, archives, or museum.

Watercraft generally larger and more seaworthy than boats, usually propelled by sails or engines.

Places or enclosures where ships are built or repaired. For places servicing small vessels, use "boatyards." Places or enclosures where boats or ships are built or repaired.

shooting ranges
Areas or facilities designed or used primarily for shooting guns at targets, whether for sport or as training. Typically the area includes various ranges or distances marked off between the respective firing points and the targets.

shopping arcades
Covered pedestrian passageways lined with shops or booths; usually found in urban settings and often linking two or more thoroughfares.

shopping centers
Concentrations of stores, markets, and service establishments, along with parking facilities, often in a suburban location.

shopping districts
Areas of a town or city designed for, zoned for, or used primarily by stores and other establishments selling goods. Characteristics may include sections that are open only to pedestrian traffic, adequate parking facilities for automobiles, and other features that attract shoppers.

shopping malls
Structure or series of structures, either under a single roof or in open air, designed to house multiple retail outlets and to allow free passage of pedestrians on one or more levels.

shopping plazas
Relatively buildings or sets of buildings containing a relatively small number of retail units with interconnecting walkways, generally having only one or a small number of stories, often located outdoors in a suburban area, and typically arranged in a single row facing a shared parking lot. For larger, more elaborate structures housing a larger number of retail units, often under a roof with indoor walkways, use "shopping malls."

shores (landforms)
Use either generally for strips of land bordering large bodies of water or specifically for the areas of land between the lowest low-water spring tide and the highest point of storm waves; for the line forming the boundary between land and sea, use "coastlines."

shot towers
High towers, usually round, in which shot is made by dropping molten lead from an upper story into a cistern of water.

shotgun houses
Houses in which all the rooms are in direct line with one another usually front to back, common in the 19th century in southern United States cities; also, narrow gable-front dwellings one room wide.

Rooms devoted to the display of merchandise for sale.

shrines (structures)
Structures or large furnishings in which devotion is paid to a statue, picture, saint, deity or other holy objects. For containers for safeguarding the relics of a saint, use "reliquaries".

Systems of posted signs arranged to communicate directions or essential information.

signal towers (elevated structures)
General term for elevated structures, either open or enclosed, from which signals of any kind are sent, including telegraphic, electronic, or manual signals. Examples are towers in the Great Wall of China and towers used to relay railroad signals.

signs (declatory or advertising artifacts)
Lettered notices or other displays that bear names, directions, warnings, advertisements, or symbols that are displayed or posted for public view. For smaller, less public identifying notices, use "labels (identifying artifacts)." For systems of signs arranged to communicate directions or essential information, use "signage."

silos (agricultural structures)
Tall, usually cylindrical, structures in which animal feed is stored and which are normally sealed to exclude air and promote fermentation of green fodder (silage) without spoilage.

silver mines
Mines from which silver is obtained.

single room occupancy hotels
Hotel-like housing providing single, private, furnished rooms for short- or long-term rental at very low rates; usually offering shared bath and kitchen facilities, with or without housekeeping, linen, or front-desk services. For similar housing but providing larger rooms or sets of rooms, generally for long-term rental and providing a larger array of services, use "apartment hotels."

single-family dwellings
Detached houses designed for or used exclusively by one family.

single-pen houses
No description is available for this term.

single-pile houses
Houses having one rows of rooms in the floor plan, typically allowing access to rooms only through other rooms rather than via a corridor. Single-pile houses may have one or two stories.

single-span bridges
Bridges having only one span, being anchored only at each end with no supports in the middle; the longest single span bridges are suspension bridges.

No description is available for this term.

sitting rooms
Rooms for sitting and relaxation, often located adjacent to bedrooms and generally more private than living rooms or parlors.

skating rinks
Structures containing large, bounded, smoothly surfaced areas for skating.

ski jumps
Steeply inclined, snow-covered courses with a horizontal take-off at the end from which skiers glide off into the air.

ski lifts
Conveyances that transport skiers up slopes or mountainsides, consisting typically of a series of seats suspended from an endless cable driven by motors.

ski lodges
Main buildings, typically located in a resort or park, and primarily serving tourists or sportsmen who are skiing.

ski resorts
Resorts specializing primarily in snow skiing.

ski runs
Downhill paths on a mountain or large hill that are maintained for snow skiing, snowboarding, or other mountain sports, usually marked, patrolled, and graded according to difficulty.

ski trails
Trails or slopes prepared for skiing, particularly trails through the landscape or trees, as distinguished from ski runs that are always downhill, and usually marked, patrolled, and graded according to difficulty.

ski-lift stations
Refers to structures located along ski lifts and designed for loading and unloading skiers, which usually include ski-lift controls and shelter for operators.

Small, usually false portions of roofing between the stories of a building. Small, usually false portions of roofing between the stories of a building.

Bridgelike structures for pedestrians built to link one building with another across an alley or street; (RHDEL2) for the network of interconnecting walkways incorporating skybridges, use "skywalks."

Openings in a roof, glazed or filled with other transparent or translucent material, serving to admit light to a space below.

Outlines, especially of a series of buildings, as seen against the sky.

Exceptionally tall buildings of skeletal frame construction.

Denotes generally enclosed and climate-controlled pedestrian walkways or networks of them consisting of bridgelike structures over streets, second-story corridors within buildings, and various activity hubs connecting retail and service establishments, usually in a downtown area; for the individual bridgelike structures over streets, use "skybridges."

Places where animals are killed for food.

slave quarters
Houses or parts of houses occupied by slaves, who are people treated as the property of another person, whether by capture, purchase, or birth.

sleeping porches
Porches or rooms having open sides or many windows arranged to permit sleeping in the open air.

slips (waterfront spaces)
Unoccupied open water spaces set between adjacent piers or perpendicular to landing places, especially those spaces which can accommodate only one vessel at a time; when such spaces are alongside land places, use "berths (waterfront spaces)." Use "docks" for open water spaces when occupied by vessels made fast to landing places.

slopes (landforms)
Deviations from the horizontal or perpendicular, particularly stretches of rising or falling ground, including any portion of the earth's surface marked by a gradual ascent or descent, whether natural or artificial.

Pieces of soft, miry, or muddy ground, particularly areas of thoroughfares that are filled with wet mud or mire and impassable by vehicles, horses, etc.

Artificial passages of wood or masonry, a dam or embankment, used for impounding the water of river, stream, or canal, and fitted with a valve or gate for stopping or regulating the flow.

Densely populated usually urban areas characerized by crowding, dirty run-down housing, poverty, and social disorganization.

smart cities
No description is available for this term.

smelters (metalworking plants)
Metalworking plants where ore is melted or fused, often with an accompanying chemical change, usually to separate the metal from the other material.

Workshops of a blacksmith, who is an ironsmith who makes iron into tools or other objects.

No description is available for this term.

smock mills
Windmills having a polygonal tower with sloping sides, with sails mounted on a rotating cap.

Buildings or rooms built or used for the containment of smoke, usually such buildings or rooms where meat or fish is dried or cured by means of dense smoke. Also, rooms or structures in a tannery that are heated by smoldering bark and used to unhair hides.

smoking rooms
Rooms set apart for smoking, as in hotels or clubhouses.

snack bars
Eating facilities where quick, light meals, refreshments, or snacks are served, usually at a counter.

snow fences
Fences of laths wired together, set perpendicular to the direction of prevailing winds to catch drifting snow.

soccer fields
Playing areas upon which soccer is played, comprising turf grounds of a standard size, determined by the official rules of the game, typically 105 x 68 meters (115 x 74 yards) for professional play.

societies' buildings
Buildings belonging to or used by members of professional, fraternal, or trades organizations.

soda fountains
Restaurants with counters at which soda water, ice cream, and light meals are served; may also be used to designate the dispensing equipment or counter itself, especially when found as fixtures in commercial buildings, such as drugstores.

softball fields
Refers to the entire playing area upon which softball is played.

solar buildings
Buildings designed to store and use solar radiation for heat or electricity.

solar houses
Houses designed to store and use solar radiation for heat or electricity.

solariums (building spaces)
Sunny rooms or balconies designed for exposure to the rays of the sun. In ancient Greek and Roman houses, solariums were open sunporches or apartments on the roofs of buildings. In modern usage, may also refer to rooms having large windows, particularly rooms provided for patients in hospitals or clinics.

soldiers' monuments
Monuments honoring soldiers, often of a particular military branch, regiment or other group, or battle.

sorority houses
Dwellings in the United States owned and operated by societies for women for the benefit of their constituents and not open to the general public. They generally serve as a dormitory for sorority members in a college or university setting.

sound studios
Buildings or spaces designed or used for audio recording, typically conforming to special acoustical requirements and having specialized equipment.

spas (health resorts)
Resorts or other facilities possessing or located near natural mineral springs or pools that are valued because of the believed restorative or curative powers of the water; also, artificial pools or other aquatic facilities containing waters believed to have restorative powers. The term is derived from the proper name of Spa, Liège province, Belgium, celebrated for the believed curative properties of its mineral springs.

special libraries (buildings)
Buildings housing privately owned libraries established to meet the needs of the members or staff of the owning institution.

special libraries (institutions)
Privately owned libraries established, supported, and administered by a business firm, private corporation, association, government agency, etc., to meet the needs of its members or staff in pursuing the goals of the organization.

special needs
No description is available for this term.

specialty stores
Stores that carry a deep assortment within a narrow line of goods, such as furniture stores, florists, sporting goods stores, and bookstores.

speedways (roads)
Tracks or roads prepared for fast transportation, including roads for horses or motor vehicles where the dirt surface has been packed or covered with asphalt or another material, and the course is generally straight and flat, where possible.

spheres (geometric figures)
A geometrical figure comprising the set of all points in three-dimensional space lying the same distance (the radius) from a given point (the center), or the result of rotating a circle about one of its diameters.

spinning mills
Textile mills in which thread is spun.

spiral stairs
Staircases that are circular in plan, consisting entirely of winders or wedge-shaped steps.

Tall structures that are at least roughly pyramidal, polygonal, or conical and that rise from towers or roofs.

spirit houses (religious structures)
Small or miniature houses in which guardian or deceased spirits are invited to live. They may be set on wooden posts; they may exist in groups together in house compounds. The practice is common in several cutures, including among Native Americans, in Japan, in Thailand, and in other locations.

spirit ways
The processional approaches to tomb sites, flanked by pillars, stelae, and stone carvings which often take the form of guardian figures.

split-level houses
Houses in which the floor levels of adjacent living areas differ by less than a full story.

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