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Carroll County Courthouse, Western District

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1908, William O. Perkins. 44 S. Main St.
  • (Arkansas Historic Preservation Program, A Division of the Department of Arkansas Heritage, Ralph Wilcox, photographer)
  • (William E. Fischer, Jr.)

Berryville was Carroll County’s first seat, but because Eureka Springs’s population and commercial activity had outpaced that of Berryville by the early 1880s, town leaders agitated for transfer of the county seat or, at least, the construction of a second courthouse. In 1883, the Arkansas General Assembly approved the petition; consequently, the county has two seats. Kansas-born Perkins, who designed the new courthouse, built many commercial and residential buildings in the town. The three-story courthouse is tall and tightly massed in order to fit on its constricted site. In style it tends toward Italianate with its tall round-arched windows and deep bracketed eaves, but the rusticated limestone walls add a suggestion of Romanesque Revival. A square tower marks the arched entrance, which is accessed by a double flight of stairs rising directly from the narrow sidewalk. The tower concludes with a domelike roof pierced by enormous dormer windows. Inside, the spacious third-floor courtroom is unaltered and has vaulted pressed-metal ceilings.

Writing Credits

Cyrus A. Sutherland with Gregory Herman, Claudia Shannon, Jean Sizemore Jeannie M. Whayne and Contributors


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Cyrus A. Sutherland with Gregory Herman, Claudia Shannon, Jean Sizemore Jeannie M. Whayne and Contributors, "Carroll County Courthouse, Western District", [Eureka Springs, Arkansas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Arkansas

Buildings of Arkansas, Cyrus A. Sutherland and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2018, 68-68.

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