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Grant County Courthouse

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1963, Ginocchio, Cromwell, Carter and Neyland. 103 W. Center St.
  • (Arkansas Historic Preservation Program, A Division of the Department of Arkansas Heritage, Ralph Wilcox, photographer)

The severe monumentality of this brick five-part composition lends a dignity and weight to the courthouse square seldom observed in small-town county seats. The centerpiece is a two-story block with a portico supported by four massive square brick piers with flared capitals and a pediment. It is a modern version of Colonial Revival. Pilasters frame the two-tiered entrance, which features double-leaf paneled doors at ground level, and above are French doors, which are crowned by a small pediment and open onto a small balcony. Flanking one-story dependencies, their pedimented gables echoing that of the larger pediment, are connected by hyphens to the central block. This is the county’s fourth courthouse on this site. The first two, of 1871 and 1880, were wooden structures, and the third, completed in 1881 and razed in 1963 because it was considered unsafe, was a large brick building dominated by a three-story clock tower. News of the scheduled demolition elicited testimonials from concerned townspeople about the importance of the clock’s dependable hourly chime in regulating their lives. The tall unornamented cupola on the present courthouse’s central block contains the old clock, still chiming the hour, but no longer set weekly by hand. The preceding firm (Ginocchio and Cromwell) to the one that designed this building utilized a similar Colonial Revival design—a main block with a pedimented portico flanked by dependencies—for the Governor’s Mansion (PU38) in Little Rock, completed in 1950.

Writing Credits

Cyrus A. Sutherland with Gregory Herman, Claudia Shannon, Jean Sizemore Jeannie M. Whayne and Contributors


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Cyrus A. Sutherland with Gregory Herman, Claudia Shannon, Jean Sizemore Jeannie M. Whayne and Contributors, "Grant County Courthouse", [Sheridan, Arkansas], SAH Archipedia, eds. Gabrielle Esperdy and Karen Kingsley, Charlottesville: UVaP, 2012—,

Print Source

Cover: Buildings of Arkansas

Buildings of Arkansas, Cyrus A. Sutherland and contributors. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2018, 203-204.

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