A courthouse was built in 1839, at the time Fairfield was established as the county seat. By tradition this structure has been considered to be the first wood-frame building in the state. This first courthouse was replaced by a stone-and-brick building that was finished in 1851. The Milwaukee architect H. C. Koch, who designed a number of courthouses in Iowa, Wisconsin, and Kansas, provided an up-to-date version of the Richardsonian Romanesque. The architect countered the verticality of his design by providing a light-colored sandstone base that is carried through the first floor of the building; above this the walls are sheathed in dark red Saint Louis pressed brick. The design originally centered on a corner clock tower which was 142 feet high, but the top of the tower was removed in 1948.
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Jefferson County Courthouse
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